Chem 40 – Theme 2 | Designing food pH indicators
Using real food to design your own pH indicator.
In this project, you are to create your own pH indicator with actual food that are present. A pH indicator is a substance that will change its color depending on the pH of the solution. There are many natural foods that exhibit this phenomenon, and a good place to start are these websites:
You and you group are to create a pH indicator with 3 different kinds of food and package it well like you are ‘selling” the product. A proper MSDS must be created for each with any chemical concerns of your indicator. If the 3 different kinds of indicators cannot be combined, then you can make 3 separate pH indicators with 3 different packaging and MSDS sheets.
In addition to creating your own pH indicator, you also need to make 2 solution of a known concentration. Once you have created your solution, your solution will be tested with its accuracy of its concentration by your peers via titration. Your grade is based on the accuracy of your concentration.
What you need to learn
- Identifying an acid and base through various definitions (Arrhenius, and Bronsted-Lowry theories. (C12-05-01)
- Write an acid and base reaction with neutralization (C12-01-04, C12-05-02)
- Describing the relationship of the hydronium ion and hydroxide ion in water (C12-05-03, )
- Calculating pH, pOH, Kw, [H+], and [OH-] (C12-05-06)
- Performing titration to calculate the concentration of an unknown acid or base (C12-01-05, C12-01-06)
- Explain how pH Indicators work with Le Chatelier’s principle (C12-05-05, C12-04-06)
How you are assessed
- Group design of food pH indicator including the packaging, the presentation, and the chemistry behind the indicator.
- Quizzes on Acid and base definitions, calculating pH, pOH, [H+], [OH-], and neutralization calculations.
- Accuracy of your 2 solutions. (Acid and base)
Watch these to help and guide you along. You are expected to watch all of these videos and complete the workbook required.
- Definitions of Acid and base. (Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry)
- Identifying conjugate acid base pairs
- Neutralization reactions
- Calculating Neutralization reactions Question 2
- Quantifying dissociated ions and water dissociation constant Kw
- Calculating with Kw and [H+] and [OH-]
- What are strong acids and bases and calculating pH
- Going backwards from pH to [H+]
- Calculating weak acids and weak bases
- How to perform a titration?
- Titration calculations
- Notes on defining acids and bases: 1acidandbases notes one
- Notes on strong acids vs weak acids with Ka and Kb: 2strongacid.water notes two
- Weak acid calculations: weak acid calculations ver.2
- Notes on pH calculations: 3ph notes three
- Notes on indicators and buffers: 4Indicators and Buffers notes four
- Notes on titration: titration notes
- Notes on percent dissociation: percent dissociation
- Unit Acids and Bases: Review